NIH Award Project Goal
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences has awarded an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act challenge grant to the NYU School of Medicine and National Center for Healthy Housing (NCHH) for “Preventing Child Residential Lead Exposure by Window Replacement”. With 20,000 applicants, this grant was one of just 200 challenge grants awarded.
The NIH challenge grant will help to implement lead-safe window replacement with other weatherization (e.g., duct sealing and high density insulation). This Windows of Opportunity initiative will also document costs, verify expected benefits, and evaluate evidence of potential benefits.
Ingested lead travels through the bloodstream to a child’s developing brain, causing many types of neurobehavioral damage that increase the risk of later criminal behavior and educational failure. Lead paint hazards in older homes, including deteriorated lead paint and lead contaminated dust and soil, are the most common cause of preschool lead exposure today. Severe lead poisoning can be caused by lead paint chip ingestion, but the more common exposure pathway is lead-contaminated dust, ingested by very young children via normal hand-to-mouth activity as they crawl. Friction surfaces on old single-pane windows are a major cause of lead dust hazards, and inefficient windows are a major cause of inefficient home energy use.
The lead safe window replacement strategy was designed to realize the long-term energy savings and lead hazard reduction benefits of window replacement and protect against other lead paint hazards. Combining lead safe window replacement with other weatherization can reduce energy bills by 50%, increase home market value, and could also reduce the risk of asthma and other housing-related health risks.
Next: The "Lead Safe Window Replacement" Strategy